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Bulgaria occupies a relatively small area - 111 000 square kilometers, but is nevertheless distinguished by generous and varied nature - a sea with a near four hundred kilometers long coastal strip and golden beaches, 16 mountains with their own characteristic features, shelters valleys and high plateaus, over 550 curative mineral springs, various unique natural phenomena and about two thousand thrilling caves, as well as healthy climate and diverse flora and fauna.
As a whole Bulgaria's vegetation can be ranked among the Central European forest region, but the influence of the South Russian and Asia Minor regions is also felt. The higher parts of Bulgarian mountains are covered by sub -Arctic vegetation, amongst which juniper forests predominate. Actually, Bulgaria boasts about three thousand higher plant varieties - almost twice as many as in England.
More then one quarter of the country's territory is covered with un-spoilt forests. The Edelweiss, which grows in places difficult of access in the Pirin Mountains and the Balkan Range, is one of the rarest plants growing in Bulgaria.
Bulgaria is famous for its oleaginous roses which bloom in the Valley of Roses(near the towns of Karlovo and Kazanluk). The Bulgarian tobacco brands are world-known.
The Bulgarian fauna is no less interesting, with almost 13 000 animal species and subspecies, or about 14 % of all European species.
Fishing is possible in lakes, dams, mountain brooks and sea, hunting - in special hunting grounds (for example Hunting Park Vitosha, etc.).